The Art of Perfumery
and method of obtaining the odorors of plants

with instructions for the manufacture of perfumes for the handkerchief, scented powders, odorous vinegars, dentifrices, pomatums, cosmetiques, perfumed soap, etc.

with an appendix on the colors of flowers, artificial fruit essences, etc. etc.

Tooth Powders and Mouth Washes

Tooth powders, regarded as a means merely of cleansing the teeth, are most commonly placed among cosmetics; but this should not be, as they assist greatly in preserving a healthy and regular condition of the dental machinery, and so aid in perfecting as much as possible the act of mastication. In this manner, they may be considered as most useful, although it is true, subordinate medicinal agents. By a careful and prudent use of them, some of the most frequent causes of early loss of the teeth may be prevented; these are, the deposition of tartar, the swelling of the gums, and an undue acidity of the saliva. The effect resulting from accumulation of the tartar is well known to most persons, and it has been distinctly shown that swelling of the substance of the gums will hasten the expulsion of the teeth from their sockets; and the action of the saliva, if unduly acid, is known to be at least injurious, if not destructive.

Now, the daily employment of a tooth powder sufficiently hard, so as to exert a tolerable degree of friction upon the teeth, without, at the same time, injuring the enamel of the teeth, will, in most cases, almost always prevent the tartar accumulating in such a degree as to cause subsequent injury to the teeth; and a flaccid, spongy, relaxed condition of the gums may be prevented or overcome by adding to such a tooth powder, some tonic and astringent ingredient. A tooth powder containing charcoal and cinchona bark, will accomplish these results in most cases, and therefore dentists generally recommend such. Still, there are objections to the use of charcoal; it is too hard and resisting, its color is objectionable, and it is perfectly insoluble by the saliva, it is apt to become lodged between the teeth, and there to collect decomposing animal and vegetable matter around such particles as may be fixed in this position. Cinchona bark, too, is often stringy, and has a bitter, disagreeable taste.

Tooth Powders

Camphorated Chalk Powder

  • Precipitated chalk, 1 lb.
  • Powdered orris-root, 1/2 lb.
  • Powdered camphor, 1/4 lb.

Reduce the camphor to powder ...

Quinine Tooth Powder

  • Precipitated chalk, 1 lb.
  • Starch Powder, 1/2 lb.
  • Orris powder, 1/2 lb.
  • Sulphate of quinine, 1 drachm.

After sifting, it is ready for sale.

Prepared Charcoal Powder

  • Fresh-made charcoal in fine powder, 7 lbs.
  • Prepared chalk, 1 lb.
  • Orris-root, 1 lb.
  • Catechu, 1/2 lb.
  • Cassia bark, 1/2 lb.
  • Myrrh, 1/4 lb.


Mouth Washes

Eau Botot Wash

  • Tincture of cedar wood, 1 pint.
  • Tincture of myrrh, 1/4 pint.
  • Tincture of rhatany, 1/4 pint.
  • Otto of peppermint, 5 drops.

All these tinctures should be made with grape spirit, or at least with pale unsweetened brandy.

Botanic Styptic Wash

  • Rectified spirit, 1 quart.
  • Rhatany root, 2 oz.
  • Gum myrrh, 2 oz.
  • Whole cloves, 2 oz.

Macerate for fourteen days, and strain.

Myrrh and Borax Wash

  • Spirits of wine, 1 quart.
  • Borax, 1 oz.
  • Honey, 1 oz.
  • Gum myrrh, 1 oz.
  • Red sanders wood, 1 oz.

Rub the honey and borax well together in a mortar, then gradually add the spirit, which should not be stronger than .920, i.e. proof spirit, the myrrh, and sanders wood, and macerate for fourteen days.